Trump’s TikTok App Download Ban Blocked by Judge

A U.S. government order banning TikTok from app stores imposed by the Trump administration — which had been set to kick in Sunday, Sept. 27, at midnight ET — was temporarily halted by a federal judge.

Judge Carl Nichols of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued the ruling Sunday night, granting TikTok’s motion for a preliminary injunction just three and a half hours before the ban was to take effect. Trump appointed Nichols to the federal bench in June 2019.

The Commerce Department originally set Sept. 20 for the TikTok download ban, citing Trump’s declaration that the Chinese-controlled app represents a threat to U.S. national security. The agency delayed the deadline to Sept. 27, given Trump’s preliminary approval of owner ByteDance’s deal to transfer ownership to American firms including Oracle and Walmart.

TikTok, in its motion for a preliminary injunction last week, alleged that Trump was motivated “by political considerations relating to the upcoming general election,” rather than by any sort of national security concerns. TikTok argued the ban violated its Fifth Amendment right to due process as well as its users’ First Amendment right to free speech, The company claimed it has “made extraordinary efforts to try to satisfy the government’s ever-shifting demands and purported national security concerns.”

U.S. government lawyers, in a response filed Friday, had argued that TikTok had not proven the Sept. 27 ban would cause “irreparable harm” to its business. “[T]he public interest tilts decidedly against Plaintiffs insofar as their requested relief would necessarily infringe on the President’s authority to block business-to-business economic transactions with a foreign entity in the midst of a declared national-security emergency,” Justice Department attorneys wrote in a statement opposing the requested injunction.

At a hearing Sunday morning, Nichols seemed sympathetic to TikTok’s argument that its right to due process was infringed. The judge commented that the U.S.’s action appeared to be “largely a unilateral decision with very little opportunity for plaintiffs to be heard, and the result — whether we’re talking about November or tonight — is a fairly significant deprivation.”

ByteDance’s deal with Oracle and Walmart was compelled by Trump’s threat of a total TikTok shutdown by Nov. 12 unless the company divested TikTok’s U.S. business. Under the ownership-transfer deal, Oracle would take 12.5% stake in the new, U.S.-based TikTok Global and Walmart would acquire 7.5%. TikTok Global would file an IPO on a U.S. stock exchange within 12 months of the deal close.

But the agreement is not a done deal. Amid conflicting reports from ByteDance and Oracle about who will control the new TikTok Global, the Chinese government may be leaning toward nixing it. “China has no reason to give the green light to such a deal, which is dirty and unfair and based on bullying and extortion,” China Daily, the the Chinese Communist Party’s official English-language newspaper, said in an editorial last week. Last week, ByteDance applied for an export license from the Chinese government, evidently as part of trying to get clearance for the TikTok deal.

TikTok previously sued Trump and the Commerce Department on Aug. 24, raising objections similar to those it made in the motion seeking an emergency ruling to block the download ban.

In a separate case, a judge in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania on Sunday denied a request filed by three TikTok creators to block the app’s ban, saying the trio had not proven they would suffer “immediate, irreparable harm.”

Meanwhile, the U.S. government’s total ban on Tencent’s WeChat app was set to go into effect Sept. 20, but a judge issued a temporary stay of the Commerce Department’s order citing the First Amendment.

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